What is the Internet of Things?(IoT)


Computers and Internet are things that everyone must have heard about and they must have been used at some point or the other. At the same time, many kinds of things are connected with computer and internet, which we use but we do not know about them. A lot of things are being created in the field of technology, due to which new types of technology are coming in the market and one of these technologies is 'Internet of Things'. This word is being mentioned in many places. But do you know what the Internet of Things means, what the Internet of Things is called and how it works? Today, we will try to answer all these questions through this article.

Full name of IoT :

IoT stands for Internet of Things. At many places, you will find IOT written instead of Internet of Things. The term was first used by Kevin Ashton and he stated that it is a system where the Internet can be connected to the physical world through universal sensors.


What is the Internet of Things?

A variety of technologies and devices can be linked together through the Internet of Things. The Internet of Things is a major breakthrough in the development of networking. This technology is used to connect all gadgets and electronic devices through the Internet. All the smart devices connected with the help of this technology send data to each other and can receive data from each other. These work again on the basis of the data sent to each other. At the same time, this technology is very successful in today's time and is becoming very important for the people. With the help of this technology, our lives will become very easy in the coming times. With the help of this, you can link any one device or device with the Internet and get other devices to do any work according to you.
At the same time, the example given below will help you understand this technique more easily. If a person wants to have the AC of his room turned on before reaching his home and he gets his room very cold as soon as he reaches home, this can be done through the Internet of Things. On the other hand, if your AC is left on leaving the house, with the help of IoT, you can also close it.

Yes, any person can connect multiple devices in their home with the help of internet at once and turn them on or off from anywhere. Similarly, if there is any defect in your car, then its information will go to the company making that vehicle with the help of this technology. After which your car company will give you information about the malfunction in your car. However, you can take advantage of this technology only when these devices are connected with your mobile or device's IP address.


Internet of Things applications:

What is smart house?

Smart homes are a part of Internet of Things and you must have heard about smart homes. Actually smart home is called those houses where all the household appliances are connected with internet. These devices control the heating, AC, doors of the house with the help of sensors. Suppose if you are not at home and you have left any door of the house open. If the sensor is installed on that door then it will automatically close after some time. Not only this, you will get information about this thing through your phone.

What is wearable technology?

Inside the wearables are the things you can wear. Such as smart watch, smart shoes and more. All these things come under Internet of Things. At the same time, you must have heard about many types of smart watches. Such as an Apple company's smart watch. With the help of these clocks, you can do many things, such as this watch can give you information about your health, while you can send emails anywhere while doing workouts by connecting these clocks to your phone. That is, you do not have to look at your phone again and again while doing workouts.

Similarly, there are many devices related to smart gardens, smart kitchens and health, which are counted under IoT. These tools work by understanding the situation on its own. For example, if you have a smart alarm clock, it will pick you up based on weather, traffic and other things. Suppose you have to go to another city and your 6 o'clock alarm is filled in the smart watch, while this clock will pick you up based on the weather, the traffic you get on the way. If the watch feels that you should wake up 15 minutes before due to traffic, then the clock will pick you up 15 minutes before the alarm you have filled.  

Internet of Things devices (Internet of Things devices or products)

Many types of Internet of Things devices are being made and sold by many well-known companies in the market. Amazon Echo, Fitbit One, Astram AL 150 lock, Apple Smart Clock and etc. devices fall under their category. The devices mentioned above perform different types of tasks. For example, through Amazon Echo, you can play songs, know weather information or book a taxi. At the same time, through Fitbit One you can know how much you have gone. How many calories have you spent? Not only this, how long have you slept. Apart from this, this device keeps making data from time to time through internet and keeps you informed about the progress you have made.

At the same time, the Astrum AL 150 Lock - Security is a Bluetooth based lock. This lock supports Android and iOS devices. You can easily connect it with other gadgets in the house. And you can lock things with the help of your phone.

Future of Internet of Things

At present, around 1200 million devices worldwide come under this. At the same time, it is believed that from the coming time this number will increase by 26 times this time. In addition, the global market value of IoT will reach $ 7 trillion by 2020. At the same time, it can be easily guessed from how much demand this technology is going to have in the coming time.

Internet of Things advantages -

Everything can be done easily through Internet of Things. At the same time, the standard of living of the people through the Internet of Things will also increase in the coming time. With the help of this technique, you can easily do many tasks at once. Apart from this, if you are away from your office or home, then with the help of smart devices, you can easily get information there.

Internet of Things disadvantages

The biggest disadvantage associated with the Internet of Things is security. In today's era, many questions arise about the safety of the Internet. In such a situation, because of connecting everything to the Internet, there will be a threat to their safety. At the same time, this technique can also become a threat to people's jobs in the coming times.

Which companies make these devices (top Internet of Things companies?)

These smart devices are made by many well-known companies. IBM Company ranks first in the list of these companies. Other companies that are involved in IoT are as follows - Google, Intel, Microsoft, Apple, Cisco and Samsung.

Internet of Things projects in India

It is estimated that India will gain a 20% share of the IoT market globally in the next five years. At the same time, many types of schemes have been started in the country by the Government of India, which have been started with respect to IoT. And one of these schemes is named Smart City Scheme. The Government of India has invested about Rs 7,060 crore on this scheme. Under this scheme, the Government of India wants to achieve the goals like smart parking, smart urban lighting, smart city maintenance, civil security, smart grid, smart energy, water management in urban areas. Apart from this, the state of Andhra Pradesh is also planned to become an IoT hub by 2020. Due to which 50,000 jobs are expected to be created in the IoT sector. At the same time, it can be inferred from all these schemes that India also does not want to lag behind in the field of IoT in any way. The Indian government also wants to keep our country ahead in the field of technology in every way.

How an IoT System Actually Works

A complete IoT system works by integrating four different components. These components are sensors or devices, connectivity, data processing, and user interfaces. First, sensors or devices collect data from their environments. After which that data is sent to the cloud (Internet-based process). At the same time, the sensor sends its data to the cloud through things like cellular, satellite, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth. Once the data goes to the cloud, the software does some sort of processing on it. After which information is sent to you.

For example, if the temperature of a company's cold storage space rises completely, the information of this temperature will be sent to the cloud through the sensor. After that it is seen in processing how much the temperature is. At the same time, if the temperature is found too high, then its information is then given to you through an e-mail or message. So that you can know that the temperature of that place has increased much more than the prescribed temperature and can fix it in time. In this way, the information of anything reaches you easily and in a short time through this technology.


Many types of equipment are being made in the world, which are proving to be very beneficial for us as well. With these tools, we are able to do our tasks easily. But at the same time we are gradually becoming very dependent on technology. Who’s seeing it seems that in the coming time we are going to be completely slaves of these techniques. Which is not a good sign. We are risking our lifestyles by becoming completely slaves of technology

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